What is a Crossbite?

A crossbite is a form of dental misalignment where the upper teeth do not fit correctly with the lower teeth when the mouth is closed. Unlike a normal bite where the upper teeth slightly overlap the lower teeth, a crossbite features an abnormal alignment that can affect either the front or back teeth. If left untreated, a crossbite can lead to various dental complications.

Crossbites are primarily categorised into two types: anterior and posterior.

  • Anterior Crossbite: In this condition, one or more of the upper front teeth are positioned behind the lower front teeth. This unusual placement can affect both the functionality and aesthetics of one’s smile.
  • Posterior Crossbite: This type involves the back teeth. It occurs when the upper back teeth sit inside the lower back teeth during occlusion. A posterior crossbite often impacts chewing ability and may contribute to uneven jaw growth.

What Causes Crossbites?

Crossbites can develop from genetic and environmental factors.

Genetically, the structure of the jaw and teeth alignment often runs in families. Individuals with a family history of dental misalignments or jaw growth abnormalities are more likely to experience similar issues. There are also certain genetic conditions that can disrupt the normal growth of the jaw and teeth, potentially leading to various forms of malocclusion, including crossbites.

What Problems Can Crossbites Cause?

If left untreated, crossbites can pose functional challenges and oral health risks such as:

  • Increased Wear on Teeth: Misaligned teeth in a crossbite can lead to uneven wear. This abnormal wearing can result in sensitivity, increased risk of cavities, and even the need for restorations later in life.
  • Risk of TMJ Disorders: The misalignment can place unusual stress on the jaw joint (temporomandibular joint), leading to disorders that cause pain, discomfort, and difficulty in moving the jaw.
  • Chewing Difficulties: A crossbite can affect the efficiency of chewing, impacting nutrition and digestion.
  • Speech Impediments: Crossbites can affect the position of the tongue and the way air moves around the teeth, leading to speech difficulties such as lisping or other articulation issues.
  • Self-Esteem and Aesthetics: Individuals with crossbites might feel self-conscious about their smile, which can affect social interactions and emotional well-being.

Who Can Be Affected By a Crossbite?

A crossbite can affect individuals of all ages, from young children to adults.

Children and Adolescents

Early intervention in younger patients is recommended as their jaws and teeth are still developing. Correcting a crossbite during these growth phases can be more effective because of the natural growth processes that can be guided by orthodontic treatments. Treatment plans might include growth modification appliances or interceptive orthodontics, which can simplify later treatments and lead to better outcomes. Regular dental check-ups help to identify crossbites early on, allowing orthodontists to utilise the child’s growth potential to correct the alignment.


While treating crossbites in adults can be more challenging due to the cessation of growth, there are still effective solutions available. Treatment options for adults may include braces, clear aligners, or even surgical interventions in more severe cases. These methods aim to correct the alignment of teeth and jaws, improving both function and aesthetics. Although the process might be more complex and possibly longer than treatments for children, the outcomes can significantly enhance the quality of life and dental health.

For both children and adults, Gullotta Orthodontics offers in depth consultations and customised treatment plans to address the dental needs of each patient, regardless of age.

Correcting a Crossbite

At Gullotta Orthodontics, we pride ourselves on our approach to treating crossbites. Each treatment plan is developed to meet the individual needs and circumstances of our patients.

We encourage you to visit our results gallery. Here, you can view the successful outcomes of our treatments, reflecting the high standards of care and expertise we commit to each case.

Crossbite Treatment Options

  • Braces: Braces are a tried-and-tested method for correcting crossbites, offering precise control over teeth movement and alignment.
    • Clear Braces: Clear braces provide the structural benefits of traditional braces but with transparent brackets, making them a more aesthetic option for patients concerned about appearance.
    • Lightforce Braces: Lightforce braces use 3D-printed, patient-specific brackets for a more customised and comfortable, and often quicker, treatment experience.
    • Metal Braces: Damon metal braces use self-ligating (doors) technology to reduce friction and optimise tooth movement, often resulting in faster treatment times.
  • Clear Aligners: Clear aligners are virtually invisible trays that gently shift the teeth into their desired position, ideal for those looking for a discreet solution.
    • Invisalign: Invisalign offers a series of clear, removable aligners, customised to gradually align the teeth. Dr. Gullotta has extensive experience in creating beautiful smiles with Invisalign.
    • Spark Aligners: Spark aligners are the latest in clear aligner technology, providing a clear, less visible option to align the teeth effectively.

Compassionate, Customised Care at Gullotta Orthodontics

At Gullotta Orthodontics, we are committed to creating genuine, confident smiles in a friendly and compassionate environment. Our detailed consultations ensure that each treatment plan is perfectly suited to the patient’s dental needs and personal preferences. Our dedication to personalised care is what makes us a leader in orthodontic treatments on the Gold Coast.

If you have a crossbite or any other orthodontic concerns, reach out for a consultation and explore the range of treatment options available.